Diet and lifestyle are crucial components in the development and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but are underemphasized in the educational training of most health care providers. Health care providers with a background knowledge about the evidence for diet and exercise in cardiovascular disease are better equipped to educate their patients on these important aspects of cardiovascular disease prevention. The objective of this course is to review the evidence for diet and cardiovascular disease including recent guidelines, analyses and controversies while providing practical counseling advice for assessing and implementing change to patients’ diets and lifestyle patterns. The evidence for dietary supplements will be reviewed as well as the evidence for exercise and how to appropriately and safely prescribe an exercise regimen for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease. The goal is for attendees to have a better understanding of the evidence for Mediterranean diet, DASH diet and a whole food/plant-based diet as well as other diets with evidence for CVD prevention. Attendees will learn specific time-efficient strategies to assess patients’ diet, use technology and motivational strategies for greater patient engagement and convey basic dietary advice within the time constraints of an office visit.